Tanzania Blog

Population Tanzania

Population Tanzania

Tanzania is a country located in East Africa with a diverse population. The keyword “population Tanzania” refers to the number of people living in this country. In this article, we will explore the population of Tanzania, its growth rate, demographics, and the challenges it faces.

Population Size and Growth Rate

The population of Tanzania has been steadily increasing over the years. As of 2021, the estimated population is around 61 million people. This makes Tanzania one of the most populous countries in Africa.

The growth rate of the population in Tanzania is relatively high. It is estimated to be around 2.7% per year. This means that the population is growing at a rapid pace, which poses both opportunities and challenges for the country.


Tanzania is a diverse country with various ethnic groups. The largest ethnic group is the Sukuma, followed by the Chagga, Haya, and Nyamwezi. These ethnic groups have their own languages, traditions, and cultural practices.

The population of Tanzania is predominantly rural, with around 70% of the population living in rural areas. However, urbanization is increasing, and cities like Dar es Salaam and Arusha are experiencing rapid growth.

Tanzania also has a relatively young population. The median age is around 18 years, indicating a large proportion of the population being below the age of 18. This presents both opportunities and challenges for the country’s development.

Challenges and Opportunities

The rapid population growth in Tanzania poses several challenges for the country. One of the main challenges is providing basic services such as healthcare, education, and infrastructure to meet the needs of a growing population. The government has been working towards improving these services, but there is still a long way to go.

Another challenge is ensuring food security for the population. As the population grows, the demand for food increases. Tanzania has vast agricultural potential, but there is a need for investment in modern farming techniques, irrigation systems, and access to markets to fully utilize this potential.

However, the growing population also presents opportunities for economic growth and development. With a large and young workforce, Tanzania has the potential to become a hub for industries such as manufacturing, tourism, and services. This can create employment opportunities and contribute to the country’s economic growth.


The population of Tanzania is growing at a rapid pace, presenting both challenges and opportunities for the country. With a diverse population, a young workforce, and vast natural resources, Tanzania has the potential to achieve sustainable development and improve the quality of life for its citizens. However, it is crucial for the government and stakeholders to address the challenges of rapid population growth and invest in key sectors to harness the opportunities for growth and development.